Scientific editing and translation

ELSS editing

ELSS editing sharpens and clarifies documents to ease the path of readers worldwide
to understanding and appreciating your intended meaning



ELSS editing

ELSS editing standards
• Focus on meaning and effective communication to readers

ELSS editors delve into the premises, objectives, evidence, reasoning, and assertions of each document to clearly, effectively, and efficiently communicate the author’s intended meaning to the readers. Our editors not only copyedit (correct syntax, grammar and spelling), but also substantively edit, examining the consistency and cogency of the author’s reasoning and conclusions.

• Respect for author’s voice, but advocacy for reader’s ease

ELSS editors balance restraint to preserve the author’s voice with readability to ease the reader’s path to understanding the meaning as intended by the author. Where a change improves readability, we alter the text. Where the author’s intentions are unclear, we suggest alternatives in comments or ask authors to confirm that our changes are consistent with their intentions. Where we cannot understand a passage, we comment to explain what might help readers to understand.
For a long, detailed explanation of what ELSS requires of editors, please see the ELSS Editing Requirements



ELSS editing

ELSS editors
• Highly skilled editors with specific expertise
Only those few selected editors who can meet ELSS’ exacting editing standards and consistently deliver excellent work earn promotion to our roster. The intense selectivity of our vetting process facilitates outstanding editing from a small roster, which means that at unusually busy times, we have to refuse editing requests; to avoid this rare possibility, we highly recommend requesting reservations in advance. Our editors have had formal training in science and many years of editing experience. Many of them have advanced degrees and research careers of their own. Some have published many of their own research papers or authoritative reference works about research writing and editing.
For each document submitted to ELSS for editing, we match the research topic with editors who have relevant expertise and extensive editing experience in that field of research.
• ELSS Double check system

After our primary editor has completed his or her work on each document, the paper goes to a second editor for a final check. A fresh second set of eyes will usually pick up a few minor problems no matter how skillful the primary editor. This double check process insures delivery of high-quality editing.



ELSS editing

What ELSS editing includes

Each document needs to function as a cohesive whole; so, we encourage you to order editing of your entire document, including accessories like tables and figures. Editing the whole helps us see the full context and facilitates outstanding substantive editing. ELSS Editing includes checking for consistency with instructions to authors or other guidelines for the document style and format. The price for editing is based on the number of words to be edited. Answering client questions about delivered edits is free to the extent that it is based on the content in the original document; addition of new content will increase the price based on the number of added words. By default, we exclude the reference list from the word count and do not edit it beyond noting discrepancies between citations and the reference list, but encourage submission of the reference list (and all other parts) for our editors’ information. If editing excludes a portion(s) of the document, then we cannot guarantee thorough substantive editing of the whole document. We provide a certificate of editing for each document in which we have edited the whole.

Usage flow


Reservation Request

Request an editing reservation with the date your documents will reach ELSS and related details.
Inform rough price estimate.
Arrange the best editors in advance.
Grant your reservation when the arrangements are complete.
Send the reserved documents to ELSS.
Confirm the contents of the documents and all details. Inform final price estimate.
Editing starts immediately.
Deliver the edited documents.

Work request / Quotation request

Send your documents and related details to ELSS to request editing.
Confirm the contents of the documents and all details. Inform price estimate.
Approval of the estimate.
Preapproved request.
Arrange appropriate editors.
Confirm your request when the arrangements are complete.
Editing starts.
Deliver the edited documents.

We highly recommend reservation requests in advance, especially for 1- and 3-day speeds.

If you would like us to edit a new version of your document after a previous ELSS edit (e.g., revised manuscripts before or after submission to a journal), please see our Reedit policy page

Details about Flow of Services

Price and Delivery


Business days to delivery Maximum pages yen/page Minimum charge, yen
18 180 2,400 8,400
11 120 2,800 9,500
6 60 3,000 10,200
3 32 3,500 11,550
1 15 5,100 12,750



One page = 200 English words. Sales tax excluded
Maximum pages
is the number of pages that can be handled within the number of days required for each speed of service. For every 15 pages (3000 words) or portion thereof above the Maximum pages, the turnaround time will be extended by one business day.
Note that even a short or moderate length documents can have the days to delivery increased for 1- or 3-day service.
Extensive figures, tables, or both   There is no additional charge beyond the word count for figures and tables unless there are more than 2 figures and tables per page, in which case 1 additional page will be added to the bill (seikyusho) for each 3 figures and tables (or portion thereof).
Surcharges   In rare cases, a surcharge of no more than 100% will be applied to editing that requires extensively more time and effort than usual due to insufficient author preparation or writing that is severely flawed in ways unrelated to language.